Conciliation implies that men and women carry out paid work in equal conditions, and that they can access all professional levels, with an equal distribution of caring, family services and personal free time. Conciliation is a human right and a basic tool for companies with an equal management of human resources, as it enables a maximisation of staff potential.

The term conciliation is an expression which has become generalised in contemporary societies with progress in gender equality, especially among urban women who are mainly professionals with well-paid jobs. However, women have always had to conciliate a productive life with a family life, and continue doing so in low income countries, where they must carry out agricultural production, water and energy supplies for the family and all the household tasks and healthcare with babies on their backs.

“Baby-bearers” are thus the oldest symbol of what we now call conciliation, which women have used to combine their reproductive, family and environmental management responsibilities, while at the same time ensuring a continuous mother-child contact with hands free to do the daily tasks. Undoubtedly, the origins of our ability to carry all kinds of objects with our hands are in our efficient bipedal movement, which allows long-distance movement with a relatively low energy cost.