Rapid urbanisation

Rapid urbanisation
2014. Regando en Pelebia, Donga, (Benín) © Fundación Alaine

Rapid urbanisation

Between 2010 and 2015 the rate of rural migration in Benin was very fast (4.5%), so that the urban population already represent 44% of the total. In spite of progressing on the whole, it still gets bad scores on the Gender Development Index (0.858), whose value puts it among the countries with maximum parity deviation, and on the Gender Inequality Index (0.613), at number 144 in the world.

Rural populations in Africa are undergoing an increasing feminisation due to the selective migration of men to cities or abroad. The women stay and take on the protagonism, almost exclusively, for managing biodiversity, the family, health and poverty, in a way which parallels, with differences, what happened in the western world decades ago.

Benn, like other African nations, has a high participation –almost equal- of women (70%) and men (73%) in the workforce. They still have high rates of adolescent motherhood (82.3%) and fecundity (5 children per woman).

Photo: Ramón Herrera