Towards gender equality

Towards gender equality
1998. After helping to winnow, a girl sleeps on the thresher © Museo del traje

Towards gender equality

Gender equality is vital for the smart and sustainable growth of all countries, contributing to overall well-being and a more inclusive and fairer world, for both women and men Currently, Spain is included in the group of 51 countries with the highest human development, and with good scores in the different Indexes used for evaluating gender gaps. Although much progress has been made in improving the level of gender equality, there is still more work to be done, even in the EU. The European institute for gender equality uses a useful and robust measurement The Gender Equality Index a composite indicator defined by  eight domains: the six domains of work, money, knowledge, time, power and health are combined into a core Index that is complemented by two additional, equally important, satellite domains of violence and intersecting inequalities. In the last few years, progress in gender equality has been halted, largely as a result of a reversed trend in the domain of time, where the score dropped by 1.8 points in Spain, which in 2017,occupies the 9th position in the rank EU-28 (SGD = 68,3).

The Index obtained for SDG5 (gender), is available for 154 countries in 2016, Afganistan and Niger occupying the two last positions; Five Nordic Countries, headed by Norway are the most gender-equal Countries, being Spain in a good position (the 15th).  The advances in equality have been slower in the rural world, but there they have also improved significantly since the end of the 20th century. The family winnowing during the harvest shows the last pictures of un-mechanised family agriculture in Spain.

Photo: Cristina García Rodero.