Reproductive health and risks during delivery (Spain)
The early use of forceps is connected to knowledge of female anatomy and the physiology of delivery, and use of forceps, both in the past and now, is an attempt to ease delivery and reduce the risks to motherhood from obstructed deliveries. This instrument was never available to traditional midwives.
In the 21st century forceps with a similar design to those of old are still in use, although more aerodynamic and with big differences in use depending on hospitals and countries. Although using forceps is not recommended as far as possible, Ireland and Spain top the list of instrumental deliveries in Europe, over half of them with forceps. In some maternity hospitals in Madrid, around 10% of deliveries end up using forceps.