Poverty and subsistence agriculture: temporary migration of the men

Poverty and subsistence agriculture: temporary migration of the men
1930. Transhumant Lumbermen, Santa Colomba de Somoza, León, (España) © AEEH

Poverty and subsistence agriculture: temporary migration of the men

In rural Spain 1930, while the women took on most of the agricultural tasks throughout the year, the men kept themselves ready for the periods of greatest work, spending the rest of the year doing different activities which provided a minimum monetary income for the family, though it meant they had to leave their village.

Being a lumberman (as well as a tailor or barber) was one of the alternative occupations for men, like the one in the picture. Lumbermen travelled the villages selling their small wares, such as candles, and repairing all the domestic utensils which the women brought them, like pots, pans, potties, milk churns, jugs or funnels, etc.