Objetive 2: zero hunger
In 2016, hunger affected around 815 million people, a figure which should shame us deeply and which, once again, is not equally distributed around the world but basically affects Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia, and which has increased in Latin America and the Caribbean after 30 years of decreases.
Meanwhile, in Western countries, 300% more than is needed is produced and 1,300 million tons of foodstuffs are wasted every year, provoking huge economic losses and damage to natural resources. And while retarded growth and emaciation affect tens of millions of children in half the world, overweight and obesity do the same in the other half.
At the same time as following goals for doubling agricultural productivity and the income of small-scale food producers, or for ensuring the sustainability of food production systems, it is essential that the more developed countries drastically reduce meat consumption, freeing up land for cultivation for food and reducing the use of water and plant-protection products.
Meanwhile, initiatives like breeding insects and other invertebrates as sources of protein, or the production of meat in vitro, may be less futuristic than they appear.
The main aim of Objective 2 (Putting an end to hunger, ensuring food safety and the improvement of nutrition and promoting sustainable farming) is to put an end to hunger by 2030 and to ensure that everybody has access to a healthy, nutritional and sufficient diet all the year round.