Productive tasks: transhumant shepherding (Spain)
Transhumance represents a 7,000 year old culture, and in ecological terms dates back 20 million years when the the continents of Africa and Eurasia joined together and started interchanging large herbivores.
The Conquense Royal cattle track has recovered its use for transhumant livestock, and contributes to bio-cultural exchanges between villages (through marriages between men from Cuenca and women from Jaen), such as the preservation of rich biodiversity.
The Association for Transhumance and Nature, directed by naturalist Jesús Garzón, won an EU LIFE project in 1993 for recovering transhumance in Spain, the results of which were very positively valued by the Socio-ecosystem Laboratory of the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. In 2013, it received the Biodiversity Preservation Prize from the Fundación BBVA.