Poverty and female employment

Poverty and female employment
2014. Brickworks on the outskirts of Islamabad (Pakistán) © Muhammed Muheisen/AP

Poverty and female employment

In Pakistan, women’s participation in the workforce is 21% compared with 79% for men. Women are also victims of an important discrimination as far as wages and independence are concerned, such that most women workers have no contract and, if they have, receive half the amount of the men’s salary.

Surveys about abuse of women conducted in 2015 show that 42% of Pakistani women between 15 and 49 years old (as compared with 32% of men) believe there is justification for them being hit by their husband for the following reasons: if they burn the food, if they argue with him, if they go outside without telling him, if they neglect the children or if they refuse to have sexual relations with him.

there is still not much data available about this indicator of acceptance of gender violence, but in those countries where data is available the percentage of women who justify such behaviour is higher than that of men; in India, for example, 47% of women and 42% of men; Guatemala has the highest proportion of women and men who believe it is justified to beat women, up to 92% of women and 66% of men.