Main nutritional resources: domestic livestock

Main nutritional resources: domestic livestock
500[a C]- 201[a C] Bull heads. Talayotic culture. Sanctuary of el Predio de Son Corró, Mallorca (Spain) © Museo Arqueológico Nacional.

Main nutritional resources: domestic livestock

Goats, sheep and cows were domesticated in that order between about 11 and 9,000 years ago in Mesopotamia, first for meat, milk and leather and then for wool (sheep and goats) and as draught animals (cows). The Leather of all three was used.

Domestic bovids descend from the Eurasian wild bull, which had very long horns, like modern day Majorcan bulls. At present they provide 30% of the meat consumed worldwide and 88% of milk and milk-products, save work as draught animals and as transport, and their manure is used as fuel and fertiliser.

The three bull heads found in the Majorcan sanctuary are considered to be iconographic representations of a deity from Mediterranean region.

Photo, Ángel Martínez Levas