The interrelation between Goal 6 and the other SDG
The interrelation between Goal 6 and the other SDG is, quite frankly, amazing: let us see and follow the interesting framework, created by NGO Ingeniería para el Desarrollo Humano (ONGAWA), which reveals how clean water and sanitation are linked to all the others. Both are specifically mentioned in the following goals:
SDG 3: Health and Wellbeing: «3.3 […] waterborne diseases; 3.9 […] death from water pollution […]».
SDG 4: Quality education: «4.a.1 […] schools with access to basic sanitation […] and basic installations for washing your hands».
SDG 5: Gender equality: «11.5 […] deaths caused by disasters, including those involving water […]».
SDG 12: Responsible production and consumption: «12.4 […] reduce the release of waste and chemicals into the water […]».
SDG 15: Life of terrestrial ecosystems: «15.1 […] conservation, re-establishing and sustainable use of freshwater ecosystems […]».
But water is much more than a written reference, and, to round off this temporary exhibit, we would like to leave readers with the following statements:
-water is vital for eradicating poverty;
-it is fundamental for food production and the fight against malnutrition (particularly in children);
-accessible drinking water improves health;
-drinking water improves school results among young people;
-access to drinking water improves the lives of women and girls, because they can spend more time on self-development and, with sanitation, keep their privacy;
-water produces energy which is needed for the development of poor countries;
-the frequent use of drinking water and sanitation improve working conditions and economic growth;
-water is the key to industrial development (most industries need to use it for many processes and for managing installations);
-the use of water and sanitation enables the social inclusion of the poorest populations through improvements to health and hygiene and thus equates all social classes;
-cities and communities are sustainable when, among other issues, there is efficient management of water and sanitation;
-water which is used to produce goods and processed foods, when treated and reused, improves the quality of life of the population and the environment;
-water is a key factor in the struggle against climate change via sustainable management and the preservation of natural water ecosystems (rivers, lakes, estuaries, underground water) which have so great an effect on the water cycle and on the natural regulation of bodies of water in the face of global warming;
-the quality of water which is poured into the seas and oceans influences the biodiversity of marine ecosystems, particularly coastal one s which are the most vulnerable;
-surface and underground water is the key to conserving numerous terrestrial ecosystems, especially in wetlands and similar systems (forests);
-water is a source of interests which, if well managed, foster peace, justice and strengthen the corresponding institutions;
-finally, water shared by countries should and can create strong bonds and improve cohabitation, and even equate relations between poor and developed countries.
Water is the “vital liquid”, as is frequently said in rural areas of Guatemala and Mexico, it is essential for human life and a Human Right as declared by all states. All the terrestrial biota and our destiny are linked to looking after it and future sustainability. Ultimately, without water we would not have existed nor will we exist. Let’s look after it and support the Goals of Goal 6 of the SDG: «To guarantee the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for everybody».