The first Temporal Exhibtion of 2022 (double, winter-spring), entitle Cultures of birth in Early Modern Spain and Europe, has been coordinated by Wolfram Aichinger, Hispanist from the Vienna University, and in it they have participated 20 researches from Autria, Italy and Spain. Childbearing in Early Modern Europe was a matter of female intimacy. Despite this, a surprising number of images were created around the big event, allowing us to decipher the social forms and cultural codes of the past. This exhibition shows some significant examples of how society tackled the challenges surrounding birth.
The second Exhibition of the year (autumn) is entitled Goats and Pastoralists of the Aurunci Mountains and Ciociaria (Central Italy) and has been created by Dario Novellino, social anthropologist from the University of Kent (UK) and currently researcher at the Centre for Biocultural Diversity of the School of Anthropology and Conservation of the University of Kent. This exhibition focuses on some aspects of the traditional agro-ecological knowledge of Aurunci and Ciociaria (Central Italy), such as the art of basketry, the use of bells, cheese making, wool spinning, etc. Specifically, it describes the aesthetic and utilitarian parameters being used by pastoralists to identify their goats. However, there are substantial divergences between local interpretations and those of zootechnical specialists, with respect to the attribution of the term ‘breed’ to types of goats that do not show significant morphological differences, but rather a marked variation in coat colour diversity. Undoubtedly, the division of native goats of the Aurunci and Ciociaria into distinctive breeds does not reflect the historical/anthropological reality of this territory. A preliminary examination of ancient iconography, in addition to photographic images of late 800, offers significant indications on the main characteristics of the ancestral goat typology of Central Italy.