Education against poverty
Just as important as schooling is that children stay in school until they finish the cycles. At present, primary and secondary schooling in Spain is compulsory up to 16 years of age, but the rate of early drop-outs (25%) is double the European average (12,7). This situation contributes to the intergenerational transmission of poverty, because education is the most efficient way to fight it. In fact, in 2012 Spain was the second country in the European Union with the largest rate of child poverty (29,1%), behind only Rumania.
In the Spain of 1920 schoolchildren were generally segregated by gender in the classroom and the rate of primary schooling in Madrid was virtually the same as that in Mozambique in 2015 (around 87%).